What do the specs of a computer mean?

If you’re looking for a new computer, then it can be quite difficult to know which model to opt for. This is especially true because computers have a ton of different information for you to know about when you purchase one. This can make it quite difficult to know exactly what all of these things mean.

It’s commonly said that you need a laptop or a computer with good specs, or specifications. But what exactly does this mean, and what specs really matter when you’re looking at a computer? Well, that’s what we’re going to look at today. This should make it easier for you to understand a computer’s specs, and what really matters.

What do the specs of a computer mean?

When we’re talking about the specs of a laptop, this is just the name we use for specifications, or different components of the computer. A computer is made up of various different parts, and each of these can have a different power or performance. How good these parts are is what we refer to as the specs.

If you’re looking to learn more about specs, then here are the most commonly referred to parts of a computer.


RAM, which stands for Random Access Memory, is the main thing that most people look at when considering the specs of a computer. The RAM is not the entire memory of your computer, but it is the easily accessed memory that’s necessary for us to launch programs quickly. When you run a program, it moves from the storage of the computer to the RAM, and this is where is runs.

In the modern day, you won’t find many computers or laptops that have less than 8GB of RAM. And if you’re looking at something for gaming, then most people would be better of with 16 or even 32GB of RAM. This additional power will allow your computer to run faster, and have the capability to run bigger programs simultaneously.


Though usually people get what the RAM of a computer is, the processor is something that’s a little less understood. It doesn’t help that it’s commonly referred to as the CPU, which is just another name for the unit.

The CPU is another extremely important part of your computer, and it’s literally the way that your computer knows how to function. It’s responsible for telling your computer how to function, or process, the demands made of it.

The speed of your processor is measured in GHz, or Gigahertz, which is essentially the speed of the processor. The greater the gigahertz, the faster that it can process information. So, the processor is another important part of the set up.


Another very important part of your computer is the storage that it uses. This is literally where all your programs and files are stored when they’re not in use, so it’s important that your computer has reliable storage.

Storage nowadays typically comes in the form of an SSD, which is the easily accessed form of storage for your computer. In the past, we’ve used different types of storage, like HDDs. These are kind of outdated now, but they are cheaper so they’re not a bad choice for external hard drive solutions.

With more and more people using cloud storage now instead of their own computer space, this has become less important than previously. However, many people still want a computer with an adequate amount of storage space on it.

Graphics Card

Another important part of your computer isn the graphics card, often referred to as the GPU (the GPU is just the specific unit and makes up part of the graphics card). The GPU is responsible for the processing of the graphics of the computer. This is how your computer shows the data that it receives in image form, as the GPU does this.

The reason why graphics cards are so important to those want use a gaming computer is that it’s directly responsible for the images that the monitor displays. The better the graphics card, the better and more responsive the display will be.


As you’ve probably guessed, the motherboard is where all of these different computer parts come together. this circuit board allows all of the different components to work together with each other to keep your computer running properly.

Though motherboards can get quite in depth, something that’s often talked about if the motherboard’s form factor. This is where all of the components are located, and will overall effect how our computer runs.


In conclusion, these are just some of the most important aspects that you’ll need to consider when you’re looking at a new computer, or considering upgrading your current model. These are all parts of computers, but they’re also relevant for laptops too (check this guide to the best laptops to replace your desktop). Though there are more elements to a computer, these are undoubtedly the most important ones that you’ll want to take into account.

About Jon

Hey, I'm Jon. I'm an engineer by trade, so it makes sense that I'm obsessed with anything technology related! On the weekends, you can find me playing around with my computers or fixing something around the house. Feel free to leave a comment if you want to get in touch.

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