Can I plug a 220V into 110V? Read on to find out! You see, most appliances usually have a voltage rating mentioned on the back of the appliance or in the owner’s manual. Some are powered for 220V, while others are powered for 110V.
Needless to say, it’s important that you plug in an appliance designed for use with 220V in a 220V socket. If you do so in a 110V socket, it may cause a lot of problems. However, before we talk about the effects of plugging a 220V appliance into a 110V socket, it’s important to understand what voltage is and how it affects the performance of different machines and motors.
Can I Plug A 220V Into 110V?
Before explaining whether it’s possible or safe to plug a 220V device into a 110V socket, you need to first understand what voltage is and how the performance of different devices are affected by it.
What Is Voltage?
Voltage, known commonly as electrical point difference, is the variation in the electrical potential when measured between two separate points. Simply put, it is the speed at which electrical current flows. In certain parts of the world, the appliances produced usually require a 110V connection. However, in other parts of the world, a 220V connection is needed. Therefore, if you are traveling to a country where there’s a voltage mismatch with your appliances, it might cause problems.
So, What’s the Difference?
Most people are confused why a home might receive supply from varying voltages. First of all, you need to understand that the maximum power that you can get from a particular socket is dependent on two things; the maximum amount of current that the wires are capable of carrying, and how much voltage the socket is receiving. If you install a bigger wire, it will be able to carry a greater amount of current. However, copper wire is incredibly expensive, so laying down lengthy wires is simply not possible.
As a result of that, engineers decided that when more power was needed than a socket was capable of handling, a home could be supplied with a greater amount of voltage. Ultimately, what this does is that it provides double the amount of power from the same sized wires without having to spend so much money on replacing the wiring.
But, it’s important to note that there are only a handful of appliances that require as much current so as to need access to a 220V circuit. Larger appliances around the house, such as the drier, the oven, furnaces, and of course, the hot water boiler, may need 220V to function properly. Now, a question might pop up in your head, “Why not make all of the outlets 220 volts?” The answer, however, is pretty straightforward.
For starters, the potential danger of a circuit is usually determined by the amount of current flowing through it. If a person receives a shock from a 220V circuit, they are likely to receive more serious injuries than they would if they got hurt by a 110V socket.
Now that you understand the primary difference between 110V circuits and 220V circuits, let’s talk about what will happen if you plug one in the other.
If you plug in larger appliances that require 220V to run properly in a 110V socket, it’s simply not going to run properly. For instance, if you plug a 220V oven into a 110V outlet, you should know that the oven won’t be receiving current as fast as it requires. As a result of that, the oven won’t work properly. For instance, if you try to cook something inside of it, it’s going to take much longer than it should, and even then, the heat provided won’t be enough, so you will probably be looking at uncooked meals.
On the other hand, you need to know that putting undue stress on a 220V motor by plugging it into a 110V socket is also detrimental to its longevity. Over the passage of time, the strain on the motor is eventually going to cause it to break, and your appliance will stop working altogether. Keep in mind that limited performance isn’t true for all appliances; some come with a built-in failsafe to protect the motor. As a result, if you plug the appliance in a 110V socket whereas its requirement is 220V, it’s probably not going to work altogether. You won’t even see a light indicating that it has powered on.
Smaller appliances such as sandwich makers, toasters, or even blenders might work, but even then, the performance is going to be drastically limited. For instance, the blades on the blender will not turn around as quickly as they should. However, because these appliances are generally smaller in size and have much smaller motors, you will be able to get by. Again, keep in mind that performance is going to be considerably limited, so it’s best to connect it to a matching outlet if you want it to run smoothly.
However, power mode appliances such as mobile phones and others will work smoothly. You won’t notice any kind of difference, and that’s because it’s typically mentioned on the power brick or the charger itself. Look for a rating that says “90 – 250 V 40-80 Hz.”
It’s a common indicator that the appliance can run smoothly on varying voltages without much of a problem.
What If it’s the Other Way Around?
Now, what would happen if you plug in an appliance that’s rated for 110V into a 220V outlet? Well, it’s going to blow out. The heating elements inside the appliance are going to draw almost four times the power that they were designed for. As a result of that, they are very likely to burn out in a short span of time.
The results are likely to be nothing short of spectacular. There’s probably going to be smoke emanating from the appliance, and a fire might break out as well. The motor may survive due to the insulation, but the appliance is probably going to be irreparably damaged. To overcome these issues, using a step up or step down transformer is the best idea.